If you’re a new bunny parent or thinking about getting one, you might have some questions about what kind of food you should get. Carrots or lettuce has frequently been depicted as a typical rabbit diet on television in recent decades. Alternatively, you may believe that a bowl full of dry food pellets, for a cat or dog, is sufficient. For rabbits, however, this is not the case.

Rabbits should be given unlimited amounts of grass-based hay for a healthy and balanced diet (such as Timothy hay). Every day, they should eat 1-3 cups of fresh leafy greens and a quarter or half a cup of fortified pellets. Small amounts of treats (such as carrots, apples, and bananas) should be given.

Our fluffy friends’ digestive systems are extremely delicate. Rabbits are prone to digestive illnesses, which can be fatal if not treated promptly. You’ll want to be cautious about the food you give your rabbit so that they can thrive and live a long and healthy life.

Grass Hay Is Always Readily Available

It is critical that your rabbit has access to grass-based hay at all times. Grass hay simply refers to hay that has been produced by the drying of specific types of grass. These grass hays are high in fiber and protein, making them great for managing a rabbit’s digestive system. It ensures that your rabbit is getting the nutrition and that everything is in working order.

This should make up the majority of your rabbit’s diet, and you should never allow him to run out of hay. This is a staple in your rabbit’s diet, and it should account for about 80% of your rabbit’s daily food intake. Hay keeps the rabbit’s tummy in check and helps them keep their teeth healthy. It also increases curiosity and foraging, as well as prevents hairball clogs in the intestines. As a result, it’s also beneficial to your rabbit’s mental health.

What is grass hay and how do you choose the right kind? Timothy hay should make up the majority of your rabbit’s hay. Timothy hay is the most fiber-dense and coarsest type of hay. This makes it beneficial to a rabbit’s digestive and dental health. However, you can mix in different varieties of grass hay with your Timothy hay to give your rabbit some variety.

Don’t Cut Corners When It Comes to Fiber

Hay is abundant in fiber, which is an essential component of a rabbit’s diet. The rabbit’s lengthy digestive tract is designed to chew down fibrous material, according to its foraging forebears. The lengthy fiber strands in hay keep the rabbit’s intestines moving much better than the ground-up fiber in commercial rabbit pellets.

GI stasis is one of the most prevalent and deadly disorders for rabbits. When your rabbit’s digestion slows or stops, this is what happens. Having a constant supply of hay on hand aids in keeping your rabbit’s digestion flowing, making harmful blockages less likely to harm your rabbit’s health.

Teeth Health

Hay is also beneficial to your rabbit’s dental health. Rabbit teeth, like fingernails, are constantly growing. As a result, rabbits require diets that help them wear down their teeth. Hay is the finest food for this because its long, stiff strands are sufficiently abrasive to make a difference. Don’t forget to give your rabbit some wooden chew toys to help maintain their teeth healthy and trimmed.

Alfalfa Hay

If you’ve been to the pet store and looked through the hay aisle, you’ve probably seen that alfalfa hay is widely available. Alfalfa is a type of legume hay, not grass. This hay contains greater levels of protein and calcium, making it unsuitable for an ordinary adult rabbit. Alfalfa hay can contribute to the production of bladder sludge and bladder stones in rabbits if fed to them over a lengthy period of time.

There are two exceptions to this rule. Alfalfa hay should be fed to young rabbits (less than 6 months). The nutritional richness of alfalfa hay aids in the growth and strength of baby bunnies. Adult or older rabbits who are underweight can benefit from alfalfa hay mixed in with their grass hays for the same reason.


Leafy Greens

Your rabbit will benefit from the nutrients found in fresh greens. In addition, rabbits are huge fans of vegetables. Giving rabbits different flavors and textures are beneficial to their mental development, so try introducing some new sorts of vegetables to see what your rabbit prefers.

Providing your rabbit with three different varieties of leafy greens every day is generally a good idea. The majority of leafy greens are safe to provide to your rabbit. Some types of greens, on the other hand, have a higher oxalic acid content. These are still ok to provide to your rabbit, but you should give them in smaller amounts than other greens.

Iceberg lettuce is one leafy green that you should not feed to your rabbit (leafy lettuces, such as romaine, are okay). This is primarily due to iceberg lettuce’s low nutritional value, which allows your rabbit to eat it instead of hay or other meals that are far healthier for your rabbit’s health. It does, however, contain trace levels of lactucarium, a substance that is detrimental to rabbit digestion.


Dry food and rabbit pellets should only make up a minor part of your rabbit’s diet, contrary to popular belief. Pellets aren’t strictly speaking an essential element of your rabbit’s diet, but they can be a simple method to provide extra nutritional value, and your rabbit will usually enjoy them. They should only account for roughly 5% of your rabbit’s daily calories.

Because rabbits come in such a wide range of sizes, the number of pellets you give them will be determined by their size. For a 4 pound rabbit, try to limit yourself to a maximum of a quarter cup a day.

Don’t be concerned if your rabbit eats all of the pellets right away or before the end of the day. It’s all OK if they have an empty bowl. Remember that your rabbit still has access to an infinite supply of hay. You should wait until the next day to replenish the pellets since you want your rabbit to consume more hay than pellets.


Rabbits must always have access to fresh water. On a daily basis, ensure their water bowl or water bottle is filled with fresh water and that there is no dirt or mold growing. If you want to refresh your rabbit’s water, tap water will suffice, but you can also use filtered water if you wish. If it’s okay for humans to drink, it’s also safe for rabbits to drink.

Rabbits consume an unusually huge amount of water. They should drink about the same amount of water that a small dog does in a day. This equates to approximately 1-2 glasses of water every day. However, the amount of water used by a rabbit varies based on a variety of conditions. Larger rabbits, as well as pregnant rabbits, will consume more water. Rabbits are also more inclined to drink more during the summer months or if they are particularly active.

If it appears that your rabbit isn’t drinking enough water, keep in mind that rabbit meals, particularly fresh leafy greens, contain a large amount of water. If you’re concerned that your rabbit isn’t drinking as much water as you’d like, it’s possible that it’s due to the water they’re getting from the rest of their food.


To conclude, rabbits are herbivore animals that require plenty of plants in their diet and any form of taking this matter lightly can have drastic effects on your pet if not taken seriously. With the right knowledge and research, however, your rabbit can be as healthy as they can while under your care and live a satisfying and healthy life.

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